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Dr. P. Mukherjee, D.Sc.
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The Biobrio 9(1 & 2), 2022

Ornamental Fish Potentials of Floodplain Lakes of North Bihar, India

Dashendra Kumar, Jai Nandan Prasad Yadav & Arun Kumar

ABSTRACT:

North Bihar has extensive flood plain wetlands in form of ox-bow lakes (manus), tectonic lakes
(chaurs) or old channels (dhars) which offers ideal habitats for many colorful ornamental fishes.
The present study was carried out in two flood plain lakes, namely Ambhobasa chaur and
Doura chaur of Madhepura district of North Bihar. Fishes were collected monthly during July,
2020 to June, 2021. The study recorded 50 species,out of these, 28 species belonging to 5
orders and 13 families and 17 genera were identified as ornamental fishes. Family Cyprinidae
contributing the highest number of potential ornamental fish with 9 species followed by
Cobitidae with 4 species, Bagridae, Chandidae, Belontidae and Channidae with 2 species each,
Clupeidae, Balitoridae, Clariidae, Schilbeidae, Heteropneustidae, Anabantidae and
Tetradontidae with a single species each. Abundant and attractive indigenous ornamental
fishes were Puntius sp., Barilius barila, Chela laubuca, Lepidocephalus sp., Mystus vittatus,
Ailia coila, Chanda nama, Chanda ranga, Anabas testudineus, Colisa fasciatus and Channa
marulius. Indigenous ornamental fishes found in the studied lakes have enormous potential to
support domestic and international ornamental fish trade from North Bihar.

Keywords:    Gahari nadi, Physicochemical and biological parameters



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