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The Biobrio 4(3 & 4), 2017

Flood Management in India

Nikhil Agnihotri

ABSTRACT:

Floods are common natural disasters that affect millions around the world every year. They destroy houses and buildings, and carry soil away from valuable farming land. Floods also contaminate drinking water and lead to diseases. They are often caused by rivers, but overflowing lakes and seas can also cause flooding. Low-lying countries are in permanent danger of being flooded. A large section of land in countries around the world including India lies below sea level. Ocean waters can also cause much flood of the country. Human beings are also responsible for causing floods. Trees and plants helps in absorbing excess water from the soil. Due to deforestation and felling of trees the rain water flows in the barren lands and causes mudslides. The floods kill thousands of people and leave millions homeless around the world every year. The present study deals with the environmental impacts of flood where the emphasis remains in the collection of the data related to environmental impacts caused by flood. The impact of floods on flora and fauna of the areas affected are likely to be revealed in this study. It also includes the flood management policy and steps taken by the government and non-government bodies in India.

Keywords:    Flood, Ocean, Management



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