ISSN: 2393-9508
e-ISSN: 2582-4902

The Biobrio 10(1 & 2), 2023

Phytochemical screening and antifungal activity of Xanthium strumarium L. and Datura metel L.

Anjana Solanki, Pratikkumar Chavada & Rajesh Raviya


The importance of medicinal plants is known worldwide. They serve as the forerunner and the source of the modern medicines. This study was initiated with the aim of studying the potential of medicinal plants against the fungus of genus Rhizopus by the means of phytochemical screening and antifungal activity. The selected plants Xanthium strumarium L., and Datura metel L. were used for phytochemical screening and antifungal activity. Aqueous extract was used for antifungal activity and phytochemical screening. MIC was determined by serial dilution and control experiment was also performed with the help of antibiotic. Phytochemical screening showed presence of phenols, tannins, glycosides, steroids, and alkaloids in both the plants. Antifungal activity showed 4mm and 5mm zones of inhibitions in Xanthium strumarium L. and Datura metel L. respectively. MIC for Xanthium strumarium L. was noted 1mm at 1:5 dilution and 1mm for Datura metel L. at for 1:4 dilution. This study shows the potential of these two medicinal plants against fungus of genus Rhizopus and concludes that they can be used as remedy.


Phytochemical screening, Antifungal activity, Xanthium strumarium L., Datura metel L., Rhizopus

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